Types of Hoses
There are different types of hoses, a hose is a flexible hollow tube designed to carry fluids from one location to another. Hose design is based on a combination of application and performance. Common factors are size, pressure rating, weight, length, straight hose or coil hose, and chemical compatibility.
Industrial hoses are more than a flexible, reinforced tube. They are the heart of your operation serving as transfer lines for a variety of applications in today’s major industries. Each industry has its own specific needs and choosing the right type of hose, from material to size, is key to your operation running smoothly.
Functions of Hoses
Hoses are a key part of the proper functioning of many industries. Industrial hoses are used for the transfer of chemicals, petroleum, air, water, water suction and discharge. Choosing the right hose to transfer materials for your project is important. Choosing the wrong hose can be catastrophic. The wrong material and pressure rating can ruin your reputation and even cause injury. Let’s look at the most common types of industrial hoses and their applications.
Chemical Transfer Hoses
These hoses are used to transfer a variety of industrial chemicals and are most often used in pressure, gravity flow, and suction service. Working with chemicals can be very dangerous, so your hose must withstand the pressures it’s been subjected to.
Petroleum Transfer Hoses
Petroleum transfer hoses and tubes are used to transfer oil, gas, and petroleum-based solvents in a variety of industries. You’ll find these hoses commonly used in industries such as agriculture, shipbuilding, quarries, mines, railroads, factories, and construction. These heavy-duty tubes are perfect for the transfer of high temperatures of petroleum-based materials such as tar, asphalt, and hot oils. They are also suitable for suction and discharge service on tanks, tank cars, or at bulk stations. Petroleum transfer hoses are generally made of synthetic rubber and have a medium to high oil resistance.
Steam hoses are used for all-around steam service. They can be used for steam-cleaning, pressure washing, heat control, fire prevention, pumping, thawing, blow-out service, steam pumps, hoists, chemical plants, and refineries. They are typically made of synthetic rubber and reinforced with steel wire.
Food and Beverage Hoses
Food and beverage hoses are sanitary transfer hoses used to handle the transfer of edible materials from tank trucks, and into plant service. These are suction and discharge hoses that handle almost every type of dry bulk material, liquid in gravity flow and vacuum service in the food and beverage industries. Food hoses are often made of synthetic rubber and must comply with international standard. Some common materials used in food are Nitrile, white and clear PVC and Neoprene.
Abrasive Material Hoses
Abrasive material hoses are sturdy, heavy-duty hoses that convey non-oily abrasive or coarse materials such as rocks, chips, slurry, mud, sand, limestone, and plastic pellets.
Abrasive material hoses are recommended where static buildup can be a problem, so you can often find them used in tank trucks for in-plant service used as a static dissipating/static conductive hose. These hoses are typically made of thick pure gum rubber. Over the years, improved engineering and compounding has permitted lighter weight and more flexible hoses, such as those made of urethane, to enter the market. Abrasive material hoses have a finite life cycle and should be rotated during use for even wear. Service life varies depending on operating conditions, hours of use and material or product being conveyed.
Air hoses are used for industrial air service, compressor lines, pneumatic tools, low-pressure spray, and other applications. Air hose assemblies can be easily coupled or fitted with quick disconnects to make line connections simple and efficient for your needs.
You can often find air hoses in agricultural fields, construction, warehouses, garages, and other industrial multipurpose applications. They are often nonconductive and resistant to oil.
Water hoses are used for the transport of water in many industries. You can find water hoses used for beverages, agricultural hand sprayers, construction, and fire departments. They are often non-conductive and resistant to oil. You may also use these hoses, septic tank cleaning and other general industrial and agricultural applications where chemical resistance may be required.
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